Crows and ravens can be tricky to tell apart by sight, but their voices are distinctive. Watch this video for some expert tips on the calls of these two common birds. From the territorial “caw, caw” of the American Crow to the guttural croak of the Common Raven, each species has a repertoire of sounds that helps it survive and thrive. The calls of crows and ravens are individually distinct so family members and neighbors can probably recognize birds they know well even if they are out of sight.

Now you can experience Bird Academy’s latest online course, taught by Dr. Kevin McGowan, Anything but Common: The Hidden Life of the American Crow