Through observation of the Club-winged Manakin, we can see that the male flips his wings up above his back and produces a sound similar to a high-pitched foghorn. Closer observation, with the aid of a high-speed video camera, allows us to witness the Club-winged Manakin’s wing tips knocking together 107 times per second. This makes the Club-winged Manakin wingbeat one of the fastest among the vertebrates. For comparison, hummingbirds typically beat their wings at only 75 times per second.

Discussion