[Bird calls] [A Montezuma oropendola clings to the side of its nest. It reaches into the nest, with its tail sticking up out of the nest. It pulls its head back out, looks around, calls, and flies away.] [Explore MacaulayLibrary.org]

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Montezuma Oropendolas live in colonies and are polygynous breeders, meaning that one male mates with many females. The dominant oropendola will father most of the young in a colony that can have over 100 nests. Females build these nests, which may hang three feet or more below the branch. It is thought that this long, deep shape protects the young from predators and prevents eggs from falling out of the nest in heavy wind.

This video accompanies Chapter 11, Breeding Biology of Birds, Handbook of Bird Biology, 3rd Edition from the Cornell Lab of Ornithology and Wiley Publishing.

Recorded by Timothy Barksdale, Macaulay Library